Bible citations for Fenimore & Fisher College of Business

For scripture citations, the ORU College of Business observes the guidelines of the 6th edition of the APA  style manual rather than the current (7th) edition.

According to the 6th edition, an entry on the reference list is not required for Bible verses quoted or paraphrased. Instead, place an in-text citation after the quotation or paraphrase, indicating on the first reference the version or translation used. 

If it is a paraphrase, the version is not required unless you believe it is relevant to the way you interpret it.  

Throughout his long career, Mr. Brown has exemplified the admonishment of St. Paul to do everything as though working for God (Col. 3:23). 

If it is a direct quotation, identify the version or translation you used. There is no need to repeat the version name in subsequent references if same version is used.

The team faced their daunting task encouraged by the words of Jesus: "with God all things are possible" (Matt. 19:26, New King James Version).

A narrative citation incorporates the reference into the text. This method can be used for a paraphrase or quotation, but if it is a quotation, the version should be indicated in parentheses after the quotation.

In Col. 3:23, St. Paul instructs Christians to give all they have to every endeavor, as thought doing it for God.

In Col. 3:23, St. Paul instructs Christians to work as though "working for the Lord rather than for people" (New Living Translation).

Bible citations according to APA 7th (for colleges other than the F&FCOB)


Amplified Bible. (2015). Bible Gateway. (Original work published 1965)

Barker, K. (Ed.). (1985). The NIV study Bible: New International Version. Zondervan.

Holy Bible, New Living Translation. Tyndale House Publishers (Original work published 1996).

The Holy Bible, New International Version. (1984). International Bible Society. (Original work published 1973).

The Holy Bible, New International Version. (2011). Blue Letter Bible. (Original work published 1973)

Holy Bible, New Living Translation. (2015). BibleGateway. (Original work published 1996)

King James Bible. (2017). King James Bible Online. (Original work published 1769)

New King James Bible. (2004). Thomas Nelson (Original work published 1982).

Peterson, E. H. (2018). The message. Bible Gateway. (Original work published 1993)

Peterson, E. H. (2018). The message: The Bible in contemporary language. NavPress.


Author: APA 7th considers religious works to have no author, so the title of the version is in the position of the author and italicized. Study Bible citations should include the editor.

Date: For printed Bibles, consult the back of the title page for the publication date. If the year original publication is given, include it at the end. (APA. pp. 302, 303, 325)

Title: Use the title on the title page of a printed Bible or on the web page.

For more examples and guidance on citing religious works, see opens new window and pages 264, 274, 302, 303, and 325 of the APA manual.


First citation:

(Amplified Bible, 1965/2015, John 3:16)

(Holy Bible, New Living Translation [NLT], 1996/2015) OR (Holy Bible, New Living Translation [NLT], 1996/2015, Psalms 37:4)

(The Holy Bible, New International Version [NIV], 1973/2011) OR (The Holy Bible, New International Version [NIV], 1973/2011, Psalms 37:4)

(New King James Bible [NKJ], 1982/2004) OR (New King James Bible [NKJ], 1982/2004, Mark 8:36)

(Peterson, 2018) OR (Peterson, 2002, Psalms 37:4)

Subsequent citations:

(NIV, 1973/2011) OR (NIV, 1973/2011, Psalms 37:4)

(NKJ, 1982/2004) OR (NKJ, 1982/2004, Psalms37:4)

(NLT, 1996/2015) OR (NLT, 1996/2015, Psalms 37:4)

Note: In-text citations of the Bible may include the book, chapter and verse if the reference is not mentioned in the text. The original publication year and the publication year for the edition used are also given. (APA 7th, p. 274)